Day To Day Chemistry

The Science of knowing about the structure, properties, and composition of matter is technically termed as chemistry. Studying about matter all through school, some people fail to see what they’ve learned about chemistry comes into play in the real world. With so many ways in which chemistry plays a role in our day to day life, having an understanding of what they are and how they are can only help us lead a better life. Let us look at a few real-life scenarios where chemistry has an explanation.

  1. Breathing: The exchange of gases between an environment and the organisms in that environment is termed as Breathing. Wherein, the chemical process of reacting oxygen with glucose or sugars to release energy is called respiration. In this process, we inhale oxygen through the nose inflating the lungs. While exhaling we release carbon dioxide into the environment.
    The reaction that takes place during breathing is:
    C6H12O6 + 6O2 ➜ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
  2. Soaps and Detergents: With soaps and detergents having a micelle structure with hydrophobic and hydrophilic ends. The hydrophobic end sticks to dirt and hydrophilic end sticks to water. On washing the micelles, it takes away the dirt from surfaces such as the human skin, textiles, and other solids. This is the cleansing action of soaps and detergents.
  3. Water Filtration: One of the oldest methods of water purification is distillation. Initially, the water is heated to its boiling point. This hot and pure water vapor rises and is passed through tubes into a condenser which absorbs the heat and condenses the water vapor back to the liquid state which is pure water. There are several other methods for water filtration like ion exchange and the reverse osmosis and more.
  4. Cooking: Cooking is a chemical change that alters food to make it more palatable, kill dangerous microorganisms, and make it more digestible. The heat of cooking may denature proteins, caramelized sugars, promote chemical reactions between ingredients, etc.
  5. Falling in Love: Chemistry is at the bottom of every step in a relationship. When we fall in love, our brain suffers some changes and also certain chemical compounds are released. Love is driven by these hormones: vasopressin, endorphins, and oxytocin.

Thus we have seen a few of the many things we do in our day to day lives which have an explanation on the grounds of chemistry. Hopefully, this has helped you create a better understanding about the world around you. If you would like to know more interesting facts or need help with any topic of chemistry like Equilibrium or the quantum mechanical model of an atom.

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Constant changes in CBSE rules leave parents confused

A recent circular, uploaded by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for schools on its website, explains the technicalities of its previously released circulars. “In the light of the confusion created by some of the schools with regard to the recent circulars issued by the CBSE, it is deemed appropriate to issue this advisory for the larger interest of the stakeholders especially children and parents,” read the circular uploaded on March 16.

Through its last few circulars, the Board had conveyed a set of changes in its assessment scheme for 2018. One of the circulars on March 9, Class 10 students were asked to opt for six subjects instead of five, with the sixth subject being optional. Just a few days after this circular, the CBSE decided to scrap seven of the existing electives along with 34 vocational courses citing the lack of takers for these courses. Over the last few months, students, parents and schools seem to be having a tough time adapting to newer changes that are proposed by the CBSE every now and then. The changes, as per the officials at the Board are a part of the examination reforms that it plans to bring in the academic year 2017-18.

“The CBSE is coming up with new reforms all of a sudden. At this stage, children and schools are clueless. In 2012, the Board started a continuous comprehensive evaluation (CCE) process allowing the students to not opt for the Boards. Now they have suddenly decided to make the Boards mandatory again. Students are having a tough time adapting to these changes,” said Nisha Ahuja, a parent from Pune.

Ahuja also added that the recent inclusion of a vocational subject is a good initiative but there seems to be no clarity if it would be included in the marks for junior college admissions.

Dipshikha Srivastava, Principal, Rajhans Vidyalay said that schools are waiting for a clarification in this regard. “Lots of new vocational subjects are being introduced by the Board for the upcoming batch. We are still waiting for more details on how they are supposed to be brought into practice,” said Srivastava.

Principals also added that schools were having a tough time in keeping a tab on all the changes. “We have to keep checking the circulars every day, and have to communicate it to the students and the parents without burdening or confusing them,” said the principal of a school in Mumbai on the condition of anonymity.

Parents said that while the children would gradually adjust to the new pattern, what is more worrisome is the scrapping of some of the older reforms.

Circulars issued by CBSE

January 31, 2017: CBSE brought back its compulsory board exam with a new assessment structure

March 9,2017: CBSE announces remodelling of its syllabus and introduces a sixth additional vocational subject

March 9,2017: CBSE scraps 7 electives and 34 subjects that were not doing well

March 15, 2017: CBSE declares that Class 9 marks would no more be mentioned on the Class 10 grade sheet and should only be submitted to the board online

March 16, 2017: CBSE released an advisory to all schools explaining its previous circulars and asking them to avoid any confusion

Gujarat Board Class 10,12 Exams To Start From Tomorrow

NEW DELHI: Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board (GSHSEB) Class 10 and Class 12 exam will start tomorrow. 1.1 million students will attend the class 10 exam this year under the board while .5 million student will write class 12 exams. A total of 1.7 million students are registered for the exams in both streams. 1,507 examination centres have been set up for the students who are planning to take exams in Class X and Class IX this year.

Gujarat Board Class 10,12 Exams To Start From TomorrowThe class 10 exam will start with first language paper, English or Gujarati. And the class 12 students will be attending Accounts, Physics in various streams.

Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board (GSHSEB) has installed more than 60 thousand blocks and rooms with surveillance camera in schools across Gujarat, like in the previous years.

This has been done to curb unfair practices like cheating and illegal practices during the exam.

Himachal Pradesh Board Cancels Class XII Physics, Computer Science Papers

SHIMLA: The Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE) has cancelled Physics and Computer science paper of Class 12 following theft of question papers from a centre.

Himachal Pradesh Board Cancels Class XII Physics, Computer Science PapersSome question papers and answer sheets were allegedly stolen from the examination centre at Government Senior Secondary School, Nichar in Kinnaur district, raising apprehension that the papers might have been leaked.

The matter came to notice of HPBOSE when the principal of the school informed about the theft.

Deputy Commissioner, Kinnaur, Naresh Kumar has placed the principal of the said school, Centre Superintendent, Deputy Superintendent and Chowkidar under suspension and an FIR has also been registered at Bhaba Nagar police station in the matter.
Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh also made a suo moto statement in the state Assembly on the theft of the question papers.

He told the House that the double lock of the cupboard in the school was found broken and 60 papers of each subject and some answer sheets were found missing.

The examination of the two subjects has been cancelled in all 1,846 centers and a departmental enquiry has also been ordered. The Director, Higher Education would conduct the enquiry and action would be taken against those found guilty, the Chief Minister said.

The Physics paper was scheduled for today while the Computer science paper was to be held on March 21. The fresh dates for the examination would be announced soon, a spokesman of the board said.

Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata Admission 2017: Last Date To Apply March 10

Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata began the application process for admission to various undergraduate, postgraduate and research programs on February 8. The last date to apply is March 10, 2017. The institute offers 2 undergraduate, 7 postgraduate, and 2 Post graduate diploma programs. The institute also offers JRF program in 12 different disciplines. For selection to the programs, the institutes conducts a written test followed by a personal interview. In case of candidates applying for the undergraduate program, Indian National Mathematics Olympiad (INMO) awardees are exempted from written test and will directly be called for interview.

Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata Admission 2017: Last Date To Apply March 10Important Dates

Last date to fill online application form: March 10, 2017
Last date to submit application fee: March 15, 2017
Admit Card issue: April 12, 2017
ISI Admission test: May 14, 2017

How to Apply

Step one: Go to official ISI website:

Step two: Click on ISI Admission 2017 link.

Step three: On the new page click on the link which says Indian Statistical Institute Admission Portal.
Step four: Click on New Registration. Enter required details and click on submit.

Step five: Login with your registration details and fill the application form.

Note: The application process for PG Diploma in Statistical Methods and Analytics programme will be offline.

Application Fee

The application fee for General candidates is Rs. 700 and for all other candidates is Rs. 350. Application fee can be paid both offline and online.

Selection Process

Candidates will be selected on the basis of performance in written test and interview conducted by the institute. The institute may also take into account past academic record of a candidate.

Art Students From Massachusetts College of Art And Design Visit Kochi-Muziris Biennale

The students and faculty of Boston-based Massachusetts College of Art and Design in the United States recently visited the third edition of the Kochi-Muziris Biennale (KMB). The visit aimed at exploring the possibilities of crossovers between different art disciplines. The visiting faculty members and students were taken for a tour of Aspinwall House, the primary venue for the event. Before the visit, KMB co-founder Bose Krishnamachari briefed the 17 member group about the Biennale and Sudarshan Shetty’s curatorial vision.

Art Students From Massachusetts College of Art And Design Visit Kochi-Muziris Biennale

According to reports in Press Trust of India, Megan Nash, a student of illustration found the artworks on display were heavy on concepts. She alos said that the conceptual artworks forced her to think about the difference in art practice in her institute and the Biennale. In a KMB release Megan was quoted as saying , “I will attempt to incorporate different media into my works and move forward with a new perspective. The visit has enlightened the artist in me.”

Jonathan Koppel, another student specializing in sculpting, said the art being showcased at the biennale moved him. He also said that it was interesting to see the art transforming spaces in the city.

Andrew Grimanis, an Art history student also commented on the relationship between art and space. He said that it was overwhelming to see how space reflected art and this what he would focus on after getting back to Boston.

Prof Lois Hetland, a faculty member at the college, said that it was heartwarming to see the many art education, outreach and community engagement initiatives undertaken by the Kochi Biennale Foundation (KBF). He said, “In Boston, we carry a lot of outreach initiatives for different age groups. I was delighted to see that the KBF is also carrying out engagement programmes along similar lines and in a more efficient way. The results of these programmes are evident in the huge public participation and turnouts at the Biennale.”

Some of the visiting students also toured the Students’ Biennale which is in the second edition of the KBF’s flagship art education programmes. The Students’ Biennale is running parallel to the KMB and is showcasing the artworks of 465 art students from 55 different art schools across India.

To check forgery, PU to give degrees with bar codes

Waterproof, non-tearable, bar-coded and a sheet with security thread and micro printing. These are some of the features of the academic degrees, which will be given to the students at the Panjab University’s annual convocation in March.

Panjab University

Over 900 students of Panjab University having pursued their graduation, PhDs and MPhils will be honoured on the annual convocation. Also, 80,000 students who have completed studies from PU and its affiliated colleges will be honoured with such degrees, on which PU has already printed Quick Response (QR) codes on the upper left corner.

Controller of examination (CoE), Panjab University, Professor Parvinder Singh, said the project has been initiated to crack down on the issue of fake degree certificates and also to make the degree verification process easier.

“Although, we have not received any such case of fake degree certificates on the campus, there are cases elsewhere. We need to be cautious,” said Professor Singh.

He added, “This project is not much different to HRD’s move to provide digital degrees. With these degrees having QR codes, the university and the college authorities will be able to verify them by scanning the code. Also, the students can click their respective QR codes to keep them in their phones and whenever required, they can get their degrees verified from the campus by showing that code in the phone.”

Professor Singh said the degree has some hidden security features as well, which can give details of the students’ enrolment number, date of exam or the exams taken, etc.

Professor Singh said three times the amount has been spent this year on designing certificates as compared to last year. “If we hiked the examination fees, we are giving the students back with newly designed degrees.”

One of the officials at the PU examination branch even shared that the degree certificates will be pink in colour and even the border lines have security features. Officials further said that other universities in the country are also printing QR codes on their degree certificates, considering it as a solution for the bogus certificates issue at the time of admissions.

Examination branch is usually burdened with the applications from students going abroad and elsewhere for higher education and wishing to get their varsity degree certificates verified. Professor Singh said the bar-coded degrees will enable them to get it verified in no time.

Controller of examination, Panjab University also said that soon, the students will also be able to apply online for the verification and after the convocation, their details will be uploaded online.

Top 6 Things to consider before selecting your coaching institute

Several students aspire to compete for IIT-JEE, NEET, AIIMS exams every year. Most look for renowned institutes, as the competitive exams give a significant turn to the students’ careers.  Choosing a good coaching institute can make or break a student’s life.  It is necessary to research the institute properly to make sure you are choosing the right kind of coaching center.


Here are few important things to consider before selecting your coaching institute.

  1. Check the track record

You may have heard stories about how students have got brilliant results after joining a coaching institute. While choosing your institute make it a point to search for the past records of the coaching center pertaining to how well the past students have performed earlier. Try to shortlist only those institutes which have a larger percentage of students who have topped or done pretty well for the exam you are preparing. Joining such an institute will also brighten your chances of doing well.  Try not going only by the testimonials posted on the website of the institute but also check the record of pass out students or even surf the internet for reviews that are genuine. For instance, if you are looking for Aakash Coaching reviews; then a simple Google search on Aakash Coaching Review will provide you with an evaluation of past students’ experience and results. Additionally, you could even check with a relative or friend who has earlier appeared for a similar exam, to guide you.

  1. Lecturer’s qualifications and experience level

A good teacher can make all the difference to the way you grasp a subject. Since a good teacher can transform an average student into a brilliant one, it is very important to consider the expertise of the faculty at the Institute. You could check before enrolling for a list of the faculty present along with their skills to get an idea of the level of teaching at the coaching center. If possible try finding online lectures of the professors, which will give you a much clearer picture.

  1. Fee structure and expenses

While you are considering your budget, you also want quality education. Be wary of institutes offering huge discounts but not having enough expertise or teaching staff. Check with the institute if payment in installments is possible or if any reduction in fee is possible when payment is made in one go or incase there is a possibility to avail scholarship through an exam. Sometimes you might not want to continue with an institute within few days of joining it; hence it is always better to look for a center which offers some refund options. Online coaching institutes’ fees are more economical compared to others in-house coaching institutes. They also provide high flexibility to the student to be able to choose only those chapters for which they need help.

  1. Check the study material provided

Collect some information about the type of books or information offered at the institutes. You could ask a friend or check with other students who are studying at the Institute. Most good classes will provide education modules and question banks for both solved and unsolved problems. Check if the Institute has customized the study material to suit your particular exam’s requirements. It is better to find out in advance about the quality of modules. The last thing you want is to waste your time studying irrelevant material which is will not be very useful for the examination.

  1. Evaluation of student’s performance

It is important to analyze and evaluate your level of readiness for the exam regularly to help improve the final result. Try to find out the evaluation system of the institute in advance. Ask the Institute the number of times the assessment is done- weekly or monthly or quarterly to ascertain a candidate’s ability. Also, check if any guidance is provided to help improve performance.

  1. Distance and travel time

Finally, the distance and time spent on traveling is also a major factor to consider while choosing your institute. While preparing for the competitive exams, you may also need to attend other classes at school or college. Ensure that the traveling time from your home to the coaching is not too long; else it could hinder you from performing well at school. Also, it can reduce necessary rest time which will eventually affect your overall performance academically as well as for the competitive exam. If you feel travel time can pose a problem, then you could always opt for online coaching institutes which offer high-quality coaching from the comforts of your home. Moreover, huge travel distances can end up being very expensive. Eventually you need to choose wisely while picking your institute.

Job Opportunities in Banks

Who says that “government jobs are hard to get by?”If you have been to a bank in the recent years, you have actually seen many young, enthusiastic, energetic and charming employees who have recently been recruited. Yes, this is the story of a big chunk of banks across length and breadth of the country.


So, how come there are so many job opportunities in banks available?

This has been done by the government to strengthen the economy of the country further by opening large number of banks in rural areas apart from cities (as per the needs). Well, by including rural areas in the streamline which was uptill now lagging behind from the mainstream India. Yes, it’s been few years of late, since the recruitment for different posts such as Clerks, Probationary Officers etc is going with full-force.

Yes, the trend which has taken its course with respect to last few years will expectedly continue for few more years. So, make the best use of the available opportunity. Since, the time is “just” right for you to carve a niche for yourself, provided you “tap” the situation only to come up with flying colors later on. Yes, there has been hundreds of thousands of recruitments where potential candidates have been placed in a secure, reputed and handsome paying government jobs which promises increasing salary according to changing pay commissions, along with perks, facilities etc.

So, the moment you pass the necessary written and oral tests, and are employed with the associated bank, you are going to get the following facilities:-

  • You get monthly salary on time. Hence, you can systematically and easily chalk out the strategies for not only running your home but also allot a part of your money towards investments
  • You get pensions even after retirement and that goes till your “breathe” last
  • Accommodation facility, considering the rising level of rising property rates, you tend to ease yourself by getting a government allotted house till the time of your service
  • Safety and security of job as no one can possibly create unfavorable situation where you are forced to resign or you are told to leave your job
  • Increased pay with the approaching commissions
  • Facility of getting different allowances such as Daily Allowance, Travel Allowance

Final thoughts

A job in the bank is considered to be a highly respectable and honored profession where society instantly welcomes and respects them. Hence, considering the associated benefits, it is no wonder that government jobs or “sarkaari naukri” has always been the most obvious choice for people and recruitments in banks will continue for few more years as well. So, make the best use of available job opportunities in banks and cement your professional career like never before.